Hundreds of thousands of puppies are raised each year in commercial kennels.      
Puppy mills are distinguished by their inhumane conditions and the constant
breeding of unhealthy and genetically defective dogs solely for profit.    

Very often the dogs in puppy mills are covered with matted, filthy hair, their teeth
are rotting and their eyes have ulcers. We have seen many dogs whose jaws have
rotted because of tooth decay.  The dogs are kept in small wire cages for their
entire lives. They are almost never allowed out. They never touch solid ground or
grass to run and play.

Many of the dogs are injured in fights that occur in the cramped cages from which
there is no escape.

Many dogs lose feet and legs when they are caught in the wire floors of the cages
and cut off as the dog struggles to free themselves.

Very often there is no heat or air-conditioning in a puppy mill. The dogs freeze in
the winter and die of heat stroke in the summer. Puppies "cook" on the wires of the
cages in the summer.

Female dogs are usually bred the first time they come into heat and are bred every
heat cycle. They are bred until their poor worn out bodies can't reproduce any
longer and then they are killed. Often they are killed by being bashed in the head
with a rock or shot. Sometimes they are sold to laboratories or dumped. This is
often by the time they reach five years old.  

Puppy mills maximize their profits by not spending adequate money on proper
food, housing or veterinary care.

The food that is fed in puppy mills is often purchased from dog food companies by
the truck load. It is sometimes made of the sweepings from the floor. It is so devoid
of nutritional value that the dogs' teeth rot at early ages.  

Dogs in puppy mills are debarked often by ramming a steel rod down their throats
to rupture their vocal cords.

Puppies are often taken from their mother when they are 5 to 8 weeks old and sold
to brokers who pack them in crates for resale to pet stores all over the country.  

The puppies are shipped by truck or plane and often without adequate food, water,
ventilation or shelter.  

Innocent families buy the puppies only to find that the puppy is very ill or has
genetic or emotional problems. Often the puppies die of disease. Many others have
medical problems that cost thousands of dollars. And many have emotional
problems because they have not been properly socialized in the mills. Don't bring
this misery into your home.  

There are over 4000 federally licensed breeding kennels.   
Approximately 3,500 pet stores in the United States sell puppies. They sell
approximately 500,000 thousand puppies a year. It is estimated that the puppy
industry in Missouri is valued at 40 million dollars a year. The puppy industry in
one county in Pennsylvania - Lancaster - is valued at 4 million dollars a year.  
There are seven states that are known as puppy mill states because they have the
majority of the puppy mills in the country. They are: Missouri, Nebraska, Kansas,
Iowa, Arkansas, Oklahoma and Pennsylvania.

There is federal law, the Animal Welfare Act, and many states have laws that
purport to regulate puppy mills, but the fact is that those laws are rarely enforced.  

Pet stores often tell customers that their puppies come from local breeders or
quality breeders. Don't believe them, ask to see the paperwork and find out where
the puppies really come from.  

If the people of the United States refused to buy a puppy in a pet store, the misery
of puppy mills would end. Please tell everyone you know about the puppy mill and
pet store connection.  

Buying a puppy in a pet store has significant risks for the purchaser and their
family. A state funded survey in California found that nearly half of the puppies sold
in pet stores were sick or incubating diseases. This doesn't count the ones
suffering from genetic diseases.  Imagine bringing a puppy home from a pet store
only to have it die from parvo and cost thousands of dollars in vet expenses
because of genetic problems like hip dysplasia.  

Some dogs are so psychologically scarred from the mind numbing boredom of
being imprisoned in a small cage for year and years that they have developed
repetitive habits like going round and round in circles for hours and hours or
barking at the wall for hours.

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